Fundamental Civil Rights For Persons With Disabilities
The Americans with Disabilities Act became law in 1990, based on Congressional findings that 43,000,000 Americans have one or more physical or mental disabilities and that this number is increasing as the population as a whole is growing older. Historically, society has tended to isolate and segregate individuals with disabilities and, despite some improvements, such forms of discrimination continue to be a serious and pervasive social problem.
Congress found that discrimination existed in such critical areas as employment, housing, public accommodations, education, transportation, communication, recreation, institutionalization, health services, voting and access to public services. Further, Congress found that the Nation’s proper goals regarding individuals with disabilities are to assure equality of opportunity, full participation, independent living and economic self-sufficiency for such individuals. Finally, Congress found that the continuing existence of unfair and unnecessary discrimination and prejudice denies people with disabilities the opportunity to compete on an equal basis and to pursue those opportunities for which our free society is justifiably famous.
Technical Assistance Available
You may receive technical assistance on the ADA at 1-800-949-4232. In order to reach the United States Department of Justice to receive information or file a complaint, you may call a toll free number, 1-800-514-0301 (voice) or 1-800-514- 0383 (tdd). The DOJ’s Civil Rights Division maintains home pages for: (1) Section 508 of the Rehab Act, (2) Americans with Disabilities Act, and (3) Employment Litigation Section. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission accepts complaints on employment discrimination.
Housing discrimination is covered under the Fair Housing Act and Housing and Urban Development accepts complaints on housing discrimination.
ADA Document Portal contains an ADA collection of more than 7,400 documents and has created several additional collections (over 15,000 documents). Funded by U. S. Department of Education, NIDRR.
Order ADA CD-Rom From USDOJ
This free CD-ROM contains a complete collection of the Department’s ADA materials. It includes the Department?s regulations, architectural design standards, and technical assistance publications. Designed for easy use on laptop computers in the field, or other computers that lack high speed Internet access, the CD-ROM will make searching documents and identifying appropriate ADA information easier and more efficient.
Documents on the CD ROM are provided in a variety of formats, including HTML, WordPerfect, and text (ASCII), to enable people with disabilities and others to gain easy access, translate materials to braille, or use screen readers. Many documents are also provided in Acrobat PDF format so that they appear as they do in print and permit the publication to be reprinted by personal computers.
State of Oklahoma ADA/504 Coordinators
In order to ensure that Title II nondiscrimination, accessibility and other requirements are met by State entities and that individuals can easily identify the ADA coordinator of the state agencies, the Office of Disability Concerns has provided a list of state agency coordinators through its website. Click here to download the list.
Access to Courthouses
ADA Coordinator for Courthouses in Oklahoma
- Joyce Green, Administrative Office of the Courts, 405-522-4768, 1915 North Stiles, Suite 305, Oklahoma City, OK 73105, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Letter from Supreme Court of Oklahoma, Administrative Office of the Courts
Day in Court for ADA, article for National Public Radio by Joseph Shapiro, January 2004 click here
US DOJ Settlement Agreements For Accessibility to Oklahoma Courthouses
- Settlement Agreement with US DOJ and Oklahoma County regarding courthouse accessibility, 1999
- Settlement Agreement with US DOJ and Adair County regarding courthouse accessibility, 2000
SIgnificant ADA Cases
Olmstead Opinion from United States Supreme Court (integration mandate)
Fisher Opinion from Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals (integration mandate applies to persons “at risk” of institutionalization)
Lane Opinion from United States Supreme Court (access to courthouse)